Charles III: his powers and duties as king

The king is a constitutional monarch who must remain politically neutral.

The head of state has “an important formal and ceremonial relationship” with the parliament, indicates the official website of the monarchy.

Carlo’s role will be, like that of the late queen, to assent to bills approved by Parliament on the council of ministers.

He will also give hearings to ministers, during which he can be “consulted, encouraged and warned”, and will convene new parliaments on the advice of the government, and will open and close – or extend – every session of parliament.

His assent is necessary for all bills passed by Parliament to become law. Royal assent has not been refused since 1707.

It is also a long-established convention that the monarch must give consent to discuss draft laws that would affect the prerogatives or interests of the Crown.

Research by The Guardian in 2021 found that more than 1,000 laws had been passed by Queen Elizabeth II, including the application of national traffic rules to her private properties in Balmoral and Sandringham.

At the annual official parliament opening ceremony, the king will open the parliament in person and deliver the king’s speech.

It will also be up to Charles to appoint future prime ministers, one of the few remaining personal prerogatives of the sovereign.

The monarch does not act on advice and does not need to consult anyone before asking the leader with an absolute majority of seats in the House of Commons to form a government.

It was one of the Queen’s last duties, two days before her death, when she appointed Lis Truss as Prime Minister at Balmoral Castle.

The king will also hold a regular audience with Mrs. Truss, usually once a week on Wednesdays.

He has already met with Ms. Truss, the cabinet, opposition leaders and high commissioners of the Kingdom within three days of joining.

The monarch also heads the private council, which usually meets once a month.

It is the oldest form of legislative assembly still in operation in the UK, responsible for a range of executive responsibilities.

At each meeting the council obtains the formal approval of the King for the decrees already discussed and approved by the ministers.

It also approves the proclamations – formal notices cover matters such as the convening of a new parliament, the currency and dates of certain holidays – through the council.

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